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Welcome to the Northwest School Library: Research Tips: Upper School

General Information

Remember to:

- Check the LibGuide specific to your research project
- While we're working remotely: keep an eye out for information via e-mail from Charlotte and Alicia
- Track your sources in NoodleTools and share your project with the appropriate inbox


If you have questions you can reach us in the following ways:

- Via e-mail
- Through the research channel set up in Teams by your teachers
- A chat in Teams

Source Types Explained

Popular - Written by professional journalist for the general public. Sources are cited in passing, but not formally. Editorially reviewed for grammar, not necessarily content.

Scholarly - Written by researchers or scholars in the field for other researchers and scholars. Always contain references and footnotes.

Peer Review - the process of evaluating an authors writing, research, and ideas before publication by several other experts. This functions as a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within the relevant field.

Primary - created as close to the original event as possible. Examples: photography, video, speech, data from an experiment.

Secondary - based on, or about, a primary source. Examples: articles or books that are based on or interpret the event.

Tertiary - Sources that summarize / synthesize the information in secondary sources. Examples: textbooks, references sources like encyclopedia.

Vetting Sources



When annotating sources (this is also a good tool for evaluating sources), remember OPVL.

Origin: Who created the source? When was it published? What are the author's credentials?

Purpose: Why was the piece written? Who is the audience? What ideas / feelings is the author trying to evoke?

Value: How does the source help you understand the topic? How useful is it to you?

Limitations: Are there biases? What does the text omit? What questions do you still have?