Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Welcome to the Northwest School Library: Research Tips: Upper School

General Information

Remember to:

- Check the LibGuide specific to your research project
- While we're working remotely: keep an eye out for information via e-mail from Charlotte and Alicia
- Track your sources in NoodleTools and share your project with the appropriate inbox

 

If you have questions you can reach us in the following ways:

- Via e-mail
- Through the research channel set up in Teams by your teachers
- A chat in Teams

Source Types Explained

Popular - Written by professional journalist for the general public. Sources are cited in passing, but not formally. Editorially reviewed for grammar, not necessarily content.

Scholarly - Written by researchers or scholars in the field for other researchers and scholars. Always contain references and footnotes.

Peer Review - the process of evaluating an authors writing, research, and ideas before publication by several other experts. This functions as a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within the relevant field.

Primary - created as close to the original event as possible. Examples: photography, video, speech, data from an experiment.

Secondary - based on, or about, a primary source. Examples: articles or books that are based on or interpret the event.

Tertiary - Sources that summarize / synthesize the information in secondary sources. Examples: textbooks, references sources like encyclopedia.

Vetting Sources

NoodleTools

OPVL

When annotating sources (this is also a good tool for evaluating sources), remember OPVL.

Origin: Who created the source? When was it published? What are the author's credentials?

Purpose: Why was the piece written? Who is the audience? What ideas / feelings is the author trying to evoke?

Value: How does the source help you understand the topic? How useful is it to you?

Limitations: Are there biases? What does the text omit? What questions do you still have?